Avocado varieties in Chania and in the wider region of Crete
Varieties Avocado Greece Crete. Refers to a subtropical tree whose fruit and fruits mainly come from the country of Mexico. The name of avocado is Spanish and describes mainly the shape of its fruit
Varieties and types of avocados in relation to pollination
There are many varieties of avocados in subtropical or tropical regions. The avocado flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by pollination. That is why the male part of the avocado flower in combination with the female part of the flower matures different seasons. This pollination function created the existence of the two types of avocado tree plants. The formula (A and type B). There are several varieties in relation to the geographical area and avocado type. The fruit of avocado contains many nutrients that help significantly in several modern diseases that cause health problems such as hypercholesterolemia and coronary heart disease but also hypertension.
Its tree and the first varieties of avocados originally thrived in central and southern America from where it began and its cultivation where 8,000 years ago.
After the Middle Ages and around the 17th century it was cultivated in Jamaica and later promoted avocados cultivation in tropical regions of Asia. Then the crops and varieties of avocados after the middle of the 18th century are being promoted to the United States of America. Avocado crops are mainly grown in Florida and California, then in the early 20th century.
Cultivation in the various varieties of avocados requires a small area without frost and with little air. Such conditions exist in most areas of Crete and mainly in Western Crete. In particular, avocados are cultivated in Chania and especially in the areas of Agia, Vatolakos, Skine, Fourne in the village Koufo etc.
These conditions as well as the required soil exist in the above areas. Each region has different types and varieties of avocado crops.
Based on the type of pollination A or B there are the following avocado varieties
|ABOYAN TYPE A.||TYPE Β|
|BENIC||ABOUT BOOTH 3,5,7,8|
|ABROAD MAC ARTHUR||AUGUST ZUTANO|
Avocado fuerte was first cultivated in the Guatemala region and its name in Spanish means strong. He managed to survive the frost-frost -6 degrees that hit California in 1913.
As a subtropical tree, the fruit of avocado fuerte has a shape and size, while it resembles the pear fruit (pear tree). The bark and its external surface are rough and leathery. Its thickness during maturation is moderate while the color is dark green. Its taste is buttery and quite satisfying.
The maturation period is determined in winter and early spring. As a tree, the avocado fuerte forms a spiny vegetation. It requires more space to grow.
Flowers of avocado fuerte are considered early blooming and while its flowers are classified in type B. It is a variety of avocado with low temperature sensitivity at the time of harvesting with a potential perennial tendency. (That is, while it is in full fruit as it is commonly called (feathering) and produces satisfactory, the next year there is usually a great fall in production, not due to pathological causes, ie disease or weakness of the tree. consumption of a large part of the soil nutrients.
The Fuerte avocado variety is a hybrid of Mexico’s avocado subspecies and Guatemalan avocado. It is a variety of high quality avocados with a high oil content (more than 26%).
HAVASS . Produced by Rudolph Hass.
Variety of avocado Hass properties:
The fruit of avocado hass is relatively moderate in size while its shape and shape is oval. The bark and its outer surface give a roughness while its thickness is moderate.During maturation the color is parsley-black. The flavor of the hass is excellent, so it has greater commercial value than other varieties of avocados .
Its harvest is about the end of the summer. As a tree morphology, the avocado hass has a spherical shape, while its flowers belonging to type A are considered to be blooming in the middle. It is considered a variety of very good quality. The avocado hass variety is a hyacinth of Guatemalan avocado avocados and Mexican avocados and is identified as one of the best cultivated varieties of avocados at this time
The Hass variety of avocados is the most commercially interesting variety in the world. In the United States of America, the HASS variety accounts for 80% of the production, while in California America approaches 95% avocados.
In Greece, and in particular in Crete, it accounts for only 25% of avocados production. The ripening and harvesting period is from March to June.
Variety of avocado Hass
Its fruit has a medium size and oval shape. The bark is rough, moderate in thickness and greenish in color during maturation. The flesh has a fine taste. It matures at the end of the summer. As a tree is spherical, it is a blooming bloom and the flowers belong to type A. It is considered a variety of fine quality. It is a hybrid of Guatemalan and Mexican subpopulations and is considered to be one of the best varieties of avocado today.
The Haas avocado variety is the most commercial variety in the world. In the United States of America, HASS is 80% of the production, while in California, 95% is approached in avocado crops. In Greece and especially in Crete, it accounts for only 25% of avocados production. The ripening and harvesting period is from March to June.
It concerns a variety of avocados cultivated in Mexico.
Avocado Zutano includes a large sized fruit in a pear-like shape. Zutano’s surface and bark are smooth and delicate. The coloring and shade during the maturation period is light green.
The fruit content has a moderate taste. The harvest and maturation of ZUTANO takes place during the winter. As a subtropical plant the shape of the tree plant is high – orthodontic, with early bloom and harvest. Flowers are classified in type B. It is a durable variety of avocados, in frost, of satisfactory quality of fruit. The harvest of ZUTANO’s fruit begins in November.
Come from Mexican avocado varieties and Guatemalan avocados. It has been cultivated in Israel since 1947.
Avocados have bark and outer surface smooth and thin while it’s not easy to peel. Their interior (flesh) is in color
very open parsley. The stump of his wrist
Ettinger avocados have a milder taste and a slightly lower oil content than other avocado varieties. Average sized fruit. Their inner content resembles the other types of avocados. It contains a large seed – puddle while the cavity is almost ten to twenty – five percent of the weight of the fruit of the Ettinger avocado. The three basic varieties of avocados are Mexican, western Indian and avocado guatemala. the Etchinger avocado that comes from the Mexican and Guatemalan types. The Ettinger avocado tree is very intense and as a heavy fruit is often a mild profitable variety of many orchards. The tree has an upward growing growth. (Orthoclado) It has a similar tendency to the Fuerte variety to sometimes produce seeds without seeds, called “cukes”, which can be harvested and sold as avocado cocktails. Unlike most fruits, avocados are one of the few that does not mature in the tree and so growers can keep mature fruit on the tree for a few months, allowing greater control of the volume of the harvest.
The harvest season is Winter and mainly December, January
It was created by farmer James Bacon in 1954 in a town southwest of California. Avocado bacon is oval-shaped and has a smooth surface with a dark green color with small spots all over its surface. The contents of the BACON fruit are pale yellow-green and are less greasy than the Hass avocado. Tasting is as delicious as creamy-buttery texture. The internal rolling in the avocado bacon is large enough, This limits the beneficial amount of fruit content. The utilizable quantity of avocado bacon becomes even less during the ripening of the fruit, because the cavity of the avocado seeds is growing even more.
The Bacon avocado tree is a medium-sized and growing tree with dark green, glossy leaves and can reach an average of 5-6 meters tall.
It is a variety of slow production with orthodontic tree morphology but at the time of its full development it yields large amounts of fruit. Avocados are one of the few fruits that do not mature in the tree. This enables growers and growers
avocado to keep mature avocados in the tree for several months and have greater control over the volume of the harvest. The harvest season of avocado bacon is December.
Created by James S. Reed in 1948 in California.
Reed Avocado has a rich creamy flavor and a fairly soft texture. The fruits of the REED avocado fruit larger than the Hass variety, while in shape are more rounded.
Their aging period is longer in duration than the other avocado varieties.
Reed avocados are particularly popular with those who prefer their intense buttery taste and texture.
It is considered a fairly late variety of avocados. The harvest season is August.
His cultivation began in a state of California in 1972 by John D. Pinkerton.
Pinkerton avocados are long pear-shaped, green, slightly peeled, medium-thick, and easy to peel the skin. Large berries vary in size, ranging from 8 to 18 ounces. Their flesh is smooth and creamy, high in oil, and houses a very small seed, and their taste is dry and rich. The medium-sized Pinkerton avocado tree is known to be a heavy and early producer and, unlike most fruits, avocados do not mature in the tree and can actually be stored in the tree for several months before harvesting. It is November.
These are some of the existing varieties of avocados. It is a fruit that is available throughout the year from a different variety of course.
Nutritional value avocado
At 100g. avocado fruit the main nutritional ingredients that are the following:
|ENERGY AVOCADO||190 Kcal|
|CARBOHYDRATE WATERS||1.9 gr.|
|VEGETABLE FIBERS||6.7 gr.|
|SACCHARA AVOCADO||0.5 gr|
|FAT ASSOCIATED AROCHANTS||4.1 gr saturated|
FAT ASSOCIATED AROCHANTS
|12.1 gr. monounsaturated|
FAT ASSOCIATED AROCHANTS
|2.2 g polyunsaturated|
|PROTEIN AWOCANT||1.9 gr|
|VITAMIN A AWOCANT||146 IU|
|VITAMIN B1 ABOCANT||0.10 mg|
|VITAMIN B2 ABOCANT||0.18 mg|
|VITAMIN B3 AVOCADO||1.738 mg|
|VITAMIN B5 ABOCANT ||1.389 mg|
|VITAMIN B6 ABOCANT||0.36 mg|
|VITAMIN B9 ABOCANT||81 μg|
|BIOTENE AWOCANT||3.6 mcg|
|VITAMIN C AVOCADO||6 mg|
|VITAMIN E AUGOCANT||3.20 mg|
|VITAMIN K ABOCANT||21 mcg|
|GOOD QUOTE||485 mg|
|MAGNESIUM AVOCADO||35 mg|
|CALIBRATION AWOCANT||14 mg|
|SILVER AWOCANT||0.64 mg|
|BLACKBERRY AROCHANG||0.56 mg|
|COPPER AWOCANT||0.27 mg|
|MANGANIO AVOCADO||0.23 mg|
|ABUCHANT GLUTATHION||17.7 mg|
Years later, it has been discovered that it has been found that carotenoids present as components in avocado multiply up to five times their absorption. When mixed in a green carotenoid-containing salad containing lettuce, tomato, carrot, spinach.
Carotenoids such as paxoxanthin and astaxanthin (AX) are known for their antioxidant activity. The
carotenoids present in avocados that could help control the progress of cancer. Beneath the outer surface
of avocados, that is to say, the skin is concentrated most in carotenoids.
It is now scientifically proven that carotenoids behave like vitamin A while they require for their absorption, the fat that the fruit of avocados is as it is a lipid-free vitamin.
Given that avocados are very useful
saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated fat, this rightfully justifies it to a complete cancer-protecting food. Some of the basic carotenoids contained in the avocado fruit are considered as follows:
The recommended way of peeling and “cleaning” the avocado to protect its excellent nutritional ingredients is peeling with hands.
In addition, it is crucial to avoid cooking or cooking the avocado because its ingredients are destroyed. The solution is to enjoy it raw or salads.
Benefits of avocado nutrition in health
Benefits of avocado nutrition in health
About the heart and the avocado. Helps heart function.
The smooth functioning of the heart is based on the consumption of so-called good fatty acids. Such fatty acids are Ω3 and Ω6 which protect us from the creation of the so-called atherosclerotic plaque.
Also, with the daily diet of avocado we take antioxidant elements such as vitamins A, C, E that protect against free radicals strengthen the immune system.
At the same time, a diet rich in potassium such as avocado and reduced salt protects us from hypertension. Also foods rich in vitamin K work against thrombosis.
Also, vitamin B6 can produce antibodies and keep the nerves in good condition and in smooth operation.
Vitamin B9 together with vitamin B6 regulates the appropriate levels of homocysteine.
Finally, avocado is a good source of glutathione that acts as an antioxidant protecting us from basic heart disease. Also the fruit of avocado contains magnesium that protects us from arrhythmia, hypotension, physical weakness, and many breathing and anxiety problems.
About hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridaemia :
By eating avocados and with help
of the monounsaturated fatty acid, of its oleic acid, interferes with the smooth regulation of cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood.
Combined with the avocados polyunsaturated fat O3 and Ω6, which also help reduce the above levels
cholesterol and triglycerides.
Avocados fat also helps to increase good cholesterol. The fruit of avocados is a rich source of beta-sitosterol which limits blood cholesterol and triglycerides.Completing the fiber contained in the fruit of the avocado ensures healing action.
The avocado fruit in the fruit category is low in carbohydrates, has a low glycemic index and is considered rich in fiber.
This particular fact makes it an excellent choice for diabetes sufferers because it reduces sugar.
Avocados are now known to contain some sugars that are not easily found that regulate the blood sugar level by inhibiting the enzyme involved in glycolysis. At the same time, monounsaturated avocado fatty acids regulate and positively insulin resistance by regulating blood sugar levels.
The fruit of this avocado is very rich in potassium
thus regulating hypertension by compensating the body’s Sodium but also that of food,
At the same time, avocados contain oleic acid which inhibits the increase in blood pressure by reducing it. The same mechanism has the vitamin B9 contained in the avocado fruit.
Regarding the smooth development and health of the bones
Avocado is a good source of vitamin K that helps growth and protects bone health. Even the content of avocado fruit in Magnesium makes it too tonic for the bones.
Finally, avocados protect us from rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis due to its anti-inflammatory action through nutrients.
Such ingredients are flavonoids, carotenoids, phytosterols, vitamins E, C, the metals Manganese, Zinc
Selenium, and O3 fatty acids, highlight avocados in a shield for bone disease.
Years of research abroad and recently in Greece have highlighted the link to cancer treatment through avocado diet.
Daily consumption of avocados provides sufficient protection for jaws – (in the mouth), skin cancer, bowel cancer, prostate and breast cancer.
The anticancer properties of avocados have to do with the coexistence of antioxidant elements and anti-inflammatory ingredients. Avocado acts on healthy cells, enhancing their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant behavior while reducing their oxidative stress.
In contrast to carcinogenic cells, oxidative stress increases, gradually leading to degeneration by destroying them. Essentially, a unique nutrient inhibits the growth of prostate-related cancer by correcting degenerated cells.
At the same time, the natural toxin and oleic acid found in avocados help both in the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer and breast cancer.
Other and other nutrients of the avocado protect or cure cancers of the mouth, the colon as well as the skin.
About Pregnancy and Breastfeeding and Avocado:
Avocados contain a high concentration of vitamin B6 which is the foundation stone for the development of embryonic cells and tissues.
Avocado also helps alleviate several symptoms of pregnancy related to dizziness and nausea.
Vitamin B6 contained in avocado fruit prevents birth defects associated with the spine, brain and nerves.
Avocado is a nutrition-rich diet for both pregnant women and those who are breastfeeding because of their protection from diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.
About Infant Diet and Avocado
: A properly balanced and healthy diet is necessary to start early from infancy.
Avocado is the primary choice for fruit for infants and young children because of its high nutritional value and soft texture.
Avocado is a very important source of nutrition for the development of every baby and baby because it does not contain cholesterol and sodium.
Avocados can provide 8% of the essential fiber that the body wants every day, also provides 6% of B-complex vitamins such as B6, which help to create and physiological division of the cells. Avocados provide a sufficient number of red blood cells , also 4% in potassium, 4% in vitamin C, 4% in vitamin E. It also provides 81 micrograms of beta-carotene and 81 micrograms of lutein in combination with unsaturated fatty acids that are indispensable for the normal development of the brain and wide PA of the central nervous system. Consumption of avocados is considered to be richer in nutrition even from traditional fruits and vegetables.
About tackling obesity and feeling full:
Avocados, because it contains high fiber content, ensures without a doubt the smooth functioning of the digestive system.
At the same time, fiber decreases the decomposition of carbohydrates and reduces the sense of hunger. Its avocado content in oleic acid activates that part of the brain that is responsible for the feeling of fullness and hunger.
Monounsaturated fatty acids are an extremely healthy diet option. These increase metabolism while the supply of many important nutrients is the only choice for body weight control.
Avocado is a nutrient-rich fruit that gives food quality rather than quantity. Avocados are therefore an excellent fruit that undoubtedly helps slimming.
About Eye Health:
Avocados improves and helps with vision due to its antioxidant action. It restricts & prevents various vision problems such as glaucoma, astigmatism, and cataracts.
In particular, lutein contained in avocados, protects from cataract and macular degeneration (MD), a critical eye disease that can cause even permanent loss of vision.
About absorption of nutrients
Research has shown that avocado in combination with other vegetables and fruits facilitates the assimilation of nutritional mainly vegetal ingredients. Increases the absorption of beta-carotene and lycopene. A fact that helps boost the immune system and fight against cancer and serious heart disease.
About the twelve-ear Ulcer:
We avowed its natural composition and its multi-level nutrients. Its mildness is therapeutically the weak areas of both the duodenum and the stomach. The nutritional elements of avocado, as well as its enzymes, positively influence the treatment of stomach ulcer.
It is well known that eating high-potassium foods, as in our case avocados, significantly reduces the secretion of calcium in the urine and thus significantly reduces kidney stone formation.
About Muscle and Nerve Function:
In the energy of metabolism and proper nerve function, potassium acts beneficial by balancing the electrolytes of the body. It also helps in muscular activity. The potassium in the avocado contributes to the harmonic nerve function. While magnesium combined with the action of vitamins B helps to smooth muscle contraction.
The frequent spreading of areas with avocado peel especially at the scales where there are scales helps in their removal and elimination of psoriasis.
About Unpleasant Breath:
Avocado is the best natural deodorant in case of unpleasant breathing. It is very effective because it eliminates the intestinal decomposition products that are the main cause of bad and unpleasant breathing.
About grooming and beauty:
Avocado oil is included in some cosmetics for hair and skin care. Due to its beneficial ingredients and especially vitamin E, it cleanses moisturizes and prevents the appearance of stretch marks and wrinkles in the body and face.
Avocado as it is most obvious provides unique health benefits. Consuming fresh as a fruit but also as a tasty supplement in salads and meals is an excellent choice We present ways to prepare and recipes with avocado there are many and tasty recipes with this:
COOK: 20 MINUTES – 30 MINUTES
1 tablespoon sunflower seeds
2 tablespoons olive oil
4 chicken breast fillets without skin cut into each piece in about 8 pieces
175 grams of green beans, cut
1 mosaic lettuce, cut and sliced
One radish cut into slices
1 small mature avocado peeled and sliced
25 g Blue cheese, like Danish blue or St. Agur
100 grams of low fat
2 tablespoons of non-skimmed milk
Method of preparation
Wrap the sunflower seeds in a large unpacked pan and rotate for 1-2 minutes at high temperature until they are toasted. Tip from the pan and leave it aside. Throw the olive oil in the pan and stir chicken pieces at high temperature for 4-6 minutes until gold is still wet.
Meanwhile, cook the green beans in slightly salted water for 3-4 minutes until tender, but still crisp. Cool under the cold tap, drain and leave aside.
Separate the blue cheese into a bowl. Add the cheese and milk and mix until tender. Season with black pepper.
Cast the vegetables together in a bowl, add the hot chicken and sunflower seeds. Pour on four plates, drizzle over the dressing and serve warm.
Melted along with various vegetables and fruits Then add a limited amount of sugar and create a very nutritious and delicious cream for children.
Sandwich with slices of peeled avocado and chicken or ham, tomato and mayonnaiseAvocant salad with tomato, cheese and mayonnaise.
Juice with honey and milk
Salad with salmon or mayonnaise
Fried avocado with garlic and chicken Sacha green guacamole for Mexican dishes with 2 avocados, ½ onion, a hot pepper, 2 tablespoons of coriander, a spoon of lemon juice, pepper, salt and half a tomato.
Green salad with tomato, lettuce, yoghurt and avocado sauce. From an avocado, ½ cup of yoghurt, a spoonful of onion, dill, garlic, parsley, salt, lemon, avocado rice where after boiling the rice we add the avocado
(2) with salt, pepper, 1/4 cup olive oil, 4 lemon juice, 1 lemon juice and 2 tablespoons of water and stir.
- Salsa sandwich instead of mayonnaise with avocado, salt, pepper, lemon, garlic
These are some simple avocado recipes that add quality to meals.